# 4.1.31. Refl: reflection modelΒΆ

This model was kindly provided by Piotr Zycki. The related programs in
XSPEC are `felipl`

and `ferfschw`

. The first one gives the reflected
continuum (i.e. pexrav/pexriv) plus the line with correct energy and
intensity, the second one is the first one with the relativistic
smearing added. Both are combined into the single refl model in SPEX.

It is a model of reflection from a constant density X-ray illuminated atmosphere. It computes the Compton-reflected continuum (Magdziarz & Zdziarski, 1995); and the iron K alpha line (Zycki & Czerny, 1994), as described in Zicky et al. (1999). In addition, it can be convolved with a relativistic diskline model (for Schwarzschild geometry).

Chemical elements taken into account in this model are H, He, C, N, O, Ne, Mg, Si, S and Fe. The standard abundances are taken from Morrison & McCammon (1983).

The incoming spectrum is characterized by:

where is the photon energy in keV, the number of photons per per second per keV, is the photon index and a cut-off energy. The normalisation is in units of photons at 1 keV, just the same as in the standard power law model. The total spectrum is then given by

where is the reflected spectrum and is a scaling factor.

The parameters of the model are:

`norm`

: Normalisation of the power law.`gamm`

: The photon index of the ionising spectrum.`ecut`

: The cut-off energy (keV) of the ionising spectrum. If no
cut-off is desired, take this parameter zero (and keep it frozen!).`pow`

: If pow=1, the incoming power law is added to the spectrum
(default); if pow=0, only the reflected spectrum is given.`disk`

: If disk=1, the spectrum will be convolved with an accretion
disk profile (default); if disk=0, this is not done.`fgr`

: Full general relativity used (default, for fgr=1).`t`

: Temperature of the reflector (disk) in keV.`xi`

: Ionisation parameter in the usual (c.g.s.
based) units of W m.`abun`

: The abundance of all metals excluding H and He, in solar
units`feab`

: The iron abundance with respect to the other metals`cosi`

: The cosine of the inclination angle of the disk.
() corresponds to edge-on`scal`

: Scale for reflection. For an isotropic source
above the disk . This value corresponds to seeing equal
contributions from the reflected and direct spectra.`q`

: Emissivity index for the accretion disk; default value -3 (the
emissivity scales with at large radii, so
means . Note the sign difference with the Laor model.`r1`

: Inner radius of the disk in units of . Default:
10.`r2`

: Outer radius of the disk in units of . Default:
.*Recommended citation:* Magdziarz & Zdziarski (1995) and
Zicky et al. (1999)